Flamingos – The Flock of Rhythmic Dancers in Pink

Flamingo

Flamingos – Description

Migration is inevitable to specific species those residents to the coldest places on Earth. An adaptation to endure the fall weather when the resources turn cold. Flamingos, the pink flock are one such species to their life cycle that migration is seasonal. Flock wading and pristine pink plumage of Flamingos is an awe-inspiring sight to witness. The pink appearance of these social birds is owing to its carotene rich diet of shrimps and blue-green algae. Resident to Africa, India, Middle East, and South America are water birds having a lifespan of up to 40 years.

Flamingos habitat includes lakes, lagoons, and swamps where they socially interact in a flock of two hundred to thousands. Types of Flamingos are categorised into a class of six; American Flamingos, Andean Flamingos, Chilean Flamingos, James Flamingos, Greater & Lesser Flamingos. The feeding habits remain the same for each class. With the beaks as good filters, streams shrimps and algae from the sand and foreign particles.

The webbed feet of Flamingos are multi-functional. It helps in easy wading, spooking shrimps, and isolating algae from the soil.  It likewise aids in weight balancing while dozing on one leg. It has not been quite clear to date from several hypothesis put forward that why Flamingos doze on one leg. The long and slender adaptation of legs helps with adequate momentum in taking off supporting the comparatively larger upper body.

Flamingos are well known for their dance moves. Unlike most birds, the males dance in a group in attracting a mate. They wade in a group with the swift left-right slightly lifted head turn. The swift leg movement on dancing is often compared to the march past. On attracting a mate, the pair sticks together and continues to mate for the lifetime. The nest is set up on the mounds of mud having up to two eggs in a clutch.

Both male and female parent equally partakes in the process of feeding. It is a unique attraction to witness the way the red crop milk is fed to the chicks. Crop milk is a highly nutritional esophageal secretion produced by the parent Flamingos to boost the immunity of the chicks. The young Flamingos form smaller groups leaving the nest within 12 days. The young groups merge with the parental groups before the seasonal migration ends.

Authors Perspective

During seasonal migrations, hundreds of these water birds perish owing to ageing and illness. In like manner, human interventions play a vital role in posing threats to the seasonal inhabitants. Ghost nets and hooks tangle around making it hard for the birds to survive. Once tangled in nets, trying to break free they get tangled further and drown in the high tides. Several cases have been reported on angling snares getting hooked making it a nightmare for the birds.

Contamination of water bodies is another factor degrading the quality of these social bird’s diets. Owing to increased pollution, the number of shrimps and spirulina diminishes day by day making it hard for the birds to survive. Incidents of polythene scraps retrieved from the gut of dead birds reveals insights on the rise in pollutants in the water bodies.

Wolves – The Pack Hunters of the Snowy Mountains

Wolves – The Pack Hunters of the Snowy Mountains

Description: Wolves

From times unknown through tales to reality, wolves lead the hierarchy among canines. Appearing in various complexions and personalities, they continue ruling the peaks and valleys across continents. Pack hunters of the mountains hold incredible pride and faith among each other in their way of life. Having each other’s back, bridge a bond that unites the pack as one. Each pack has an alpha male and an alpha female chosen based on quality, strength, and will. Alpha male imprints on the fellow wolves his courage and dependability in leading the pack until his reign is taken over.

Wolves on topography belong to two classes, the Gray Wolves and the Ethiopian Wolves. Gray’s have its essence set apart in an immense scope where Ethiopian’s are confined to the peaks of Ethiopia. Wolves differ in size based on the topography. Contrasted with other relatives of the canines, the legs of wolves are longer and thinner. The slender adaptation helps to chase, hunt and survive in the coldest of climates.

Over the past few centuries, wolves have been hunted for sport and fur. This paved way for a decline in the species population in several Nations. Poaching resulted in the loss of habitat and these predators had to further disappear deep into the woods. A decline in habitat have now stamped wolves as endangered and an imbalance in the ecosystem with the subsequent decline. Several nonprofit associations are in a constant struggle to secure the pack hunters.

Each pack varies in number, yet all have an alpha male and female. Although the number varies, they have the pack hunting strategy. Before and after the hunting they all assemble to be aligned for the kill. They round up the prey on hunting and bring it down with a powerful bite on the neck. All members of the pack claim an equal share of the kill. The most dangerous among the wolves are the Gray’s of the Arctic. They have the power to hunt and bring down the polar bear who is termed the apex predator of the Arctic.

The howl has been clarified and comprehended multi-functional. To know each other’s location, territory safeguarding, and hunt call. They have a life span of 10 years; in captivity, it can live twice its prescribed lifespan. Males weigh up to 75 kilograms and females up to 55 kilograms. They can bring down prey weighing double its body weight. They feed on bison’s, deer, moose, elk, rodents, and birds.

Pups – Wolves

In a litter, up to 6 cubs are born and unless a year old they are well protected by the pack. The cubs are made to closely watch the elders and master the skill of hunting. The elders will wound the prey and make the cubs kill the prey as a learning phase. Over a while, the cubs master the technique and be a part of the pack. Pack switching is very often found among the wolves. This happens to owe to the rivalries among the alphas.